When you start off in Photography, You have two things in mind. One is - How to take good pictures? How to learn Photography and the other one is- which Camera should you buy? Some of the good cameras suggested and compared below, when you do not want to spend much on a camera and the lens. I would recommend Canon EOS 200D or Canon EOS 800D amongst Canon Cameras and Nikon D7100 or D5600 amongst Nikon Cameras. Do check out the detailed comparison.
Megapixel count - Having more number of pixels is always an advantage. It enables you to capture detail better. Go for at least 20+ number of pixels.
Sensor size - sensor , the size of the film, known as the full frame is any day better than the smaller sensor. But the price also is higher. You may consider the lowest priced full frame camera.
Processor - Camera's processor plays a vital role in Digital Photography. Always go for the newest and more powerful processor.
Variable angle touchscreen LCD - This helps in certain situations where you want to shoot at a very low angle or from a higher perspective. But when comparing, this alone cant be a deciding factor. A camera with higher number of pixels or a better processor will score higher compare to the one with a tiltable screen. While touchscreen can benefit but again cant be the sole deciding factor.
WIFI / NFC / Bluetooth - Social sharing In today's time of social sharing, especially for people who are moving to a DSLR because they want better quality as compared to their smart phones, this is an important feature as they can instantly share their images. This may not be an important feature to consider for the professionals or more serious hobbyists or purists. It could also be other way around. There are many photographers today as compared to earlier times. one can even pursue it with a mobile phone and that camera segment was particularly being effected in terms of sale. How many people go for compact cameras today ? The smart phone itself is the camera for this category.
Number of focusing points More the number of focusing points, easier is the focusing especially when you do not need to shift the camera to focus on an off camera subject.
Cross type focusing points Out of these more number of cross type focusing points help focus faster. Go for the camera which has more number of cross type focusing points.
compact and light weight design Even if the camera is very light or compact, it can't fit into your pocket like a mobile phone. As long as it's not too heavy for you, a few grams here and there should not matter. Being a bit compact also should not be the only deciding factor, although you may consider this aspect.
Video capabilities Most of the cameras now come with Full High Definition videos.
Slow motion Slow motion is about the number of frames per second in video. 60 fps is video which 25 fps is normal video. You should be able to get FHD in slow motion as well. Again, are you buying the camera for photography or video. What is your main concern?
4K This is the future. In this budget you are not likely to get the 4K video option. Then again the same question. You are aiming at photography or cinematography ?
Accessories- keep Budget for the accessories as well. The camera by itself will not suffice. You may need to upgrade or buy a computer or a laptop if you already do not have one. memory card - SD cards will need to be bought. camera bag, tripod, flash etc etc. will eventually add on the the budget which you have planned.
Lenses- Since you are starting off with a limited budget go for the lenses which come along with the camera as a kit. These are not the top notch lenses but then you are getting what you are paying for. You can certainly add the lenses any time.
High ISO capability - Go for the camera which performs better at higher ISO. This will let you shoot in low light conditions without the use of a flash. Check for the sample images which are available on the official websites of Nikon, Canon and Sony or in general camera reviews.
Resale- The resale of any electronic items is not much. same is the case with the cameras. They do get outdated quite fast as the new technology and new cameras come in. so if you are planning to buy a cheaper camera because you are a beginner and you are learning, think again! Go for a good camera straight away!
Only the Camera bodies compared below along with the most essential features to consider while buying a new camera. Kindly recheck the specifications with the original manufacturer's website as well to ensure accuracy.
|Features||which one is better||canon||canon||canon||Canon||Nikon||Nikon||Nikon||Nikon|
|200D / Rebel SL2 / Kiss X8||1300D||750D / rebel T6i||800D||D3400||D5500||D5600||D7100|
|Price||Body only - add any lens but kit lens prices are lower compared the lens alone.||47495 with kit lens||31,995 with kit lens||49995||60,000||28 450||47 450||53450||61 450|
|Bit Depth||More is better||12||14||14||14|
Bigger is better. All of these have same size.
|Total mega pixel||Higher is better||24.2||18||24.2||24.2||24.2||
|Processor||Bigger number is more recent and better amongst a particular brand||DIGIC 7||Digic 4+||DIGIC 6||DIGIC 7||EXPEED 4||EXPEED 4||EXPEED 4||EXPEED 3|
|AF Points||More is better||9-point AF ( Center point: cross-type and vertical line sensitive when supporting f/2.8)||45 (Cross-type AF point Max. 45 points)||11||
Phase Detection: 39 (9 Cross-Type)
39 Can be selected from 39 or 11 focus points
|51 with 15 cross-type sensors|
|Metering Modes||63-zone TTL Evaluative, Partial, Spot, Centre-weighted||
63-zone TTL open aperture metering, Evaluative metering, Partial metering, Center
weighted average metering
|7560-pixel RGB plus IR metering, Evaluative, Partial, Spot, Centre-weighted||7560-pixel RGB plus IR metering, Evaluative, Partial, Spot, Centre-weighted||
TTL exposure metering using 420-pixel RGB sensor, 3D color matrix metering II, centre- weighted, spot
TTL exposure metering using 2016-pixel RGB sensor. Matrix metering: 3D color matrix metering II, centre- weighted, spot
|Depth of field preview||no|
|video||All have full HD||FHD||Full HD||Full HD||Full HD||Full HD 1080/60p||FHD||FHD||FHD|
|WIFI or NFC or bluetooth||You can transfer images to a smartphone to share||Wi-Fi & NFC||Wi-Fi & NFC||Wi-Fi & NFC||yes||Wi-Fi®||Wi-Fi®||all||-|
|Frames per second||Higher is better but for every day situations, makes no difference.||5fps||3fps||5 fps||5 fps||5 fps||6 fps|
|Weight||453g / 15.98oz||13.933 oz / 395 g||
Prices with Kits lenses as in August 2017 on the official websites
Canon EOS 200D Kit (EF-S18-55 IS STM) INR 47,495.00
Canon EOS 1300D Double Zoom (EF S18-55 IS II & EF S55-250 IS II) INR 41,695.00
Nikon D3400 with D-ZOOM KIT: AF-P DX NIKKOR 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6G VR + AF-P DX NIKKOR 70-300mm f/4.5-6.3G ED VR - INR 44450
Canon EOS 750D Kit (EF-S18-55mm IS STM) INR 55,995.00
Nikon D 5500 (with D-ZOOM KIT: AF-P 18-55mm VR + AF-S 55-200mm VRII Kit Lenses) INR 61950
Do compare Sony cameras as well. But personally I am not a big fan of electronic viewfinder and would always prefer an optical viewfinder.
Munish Khanna, a Delhi based Photographer who loves to travel and explore the world through his camera. Munish uses Canon cameras for travel. he uses Mamiya 645 AFDII with Phase one P30+ for commercial photography besides canon cameras. He has participated in several Photography exhibitions around the world.