Shoot right to begin with !
Underexposure can cause problems with colour in dark areas, as well as dramatically increase noise, no matter what camera you use. Even if you are using a very good camera known for its excellent performance in low light, it will definitely perform better in good light in comparison. So, increase ISO only if there is no other choice. Overexposure can result in highlights as detail-less white areas that can never be recovered. The highlight alert on you camera lets you know if any important area is getting washed out. The washed out area starts blinking and you can make this out in bright outdoor light. While getting the correct exposure is important, you can get away with being absolutely correct and leave slight fine tuning for the camera's RAW convertor. You may use Lightroom or capture one or your camera's own software like Digital Photo professional by Canon or ViewNX by Nikon.
The wrong shutter speed will cause sharpness problems due to camera shake while shooting or due to the subjects movement. This is something which simply can not be taken care of in Photoshop or any other software. So, no out of focus or Blurred images to begin with.
An incorrect white balance can create colour cast problems, but this can again be fine tuned as you go through your images on a large computer monitor.
You do not have to be a pro to shoot your images correctly from the start. Just know your camera controls and be sure to make the right usage of them. This requires that you know your camera thoroughly well. Fine tuning later is fine but not if you just need to rescue your images later from bad exposure or white balance.
Although image-processing software provides you with a lot of image-adjustment powers, you can always do more with well-shot photographs than you can with marginally acceptable ones. You spend less time working on an image in the software if you have an excellent or close to excellent image to begin with.
Simply point the camera to something grey or neutral to ensure the exposure is correct before locking it. On the other hand, moving dials becomes quite a reflex action and when shooting on aperture priority. Simply move the exposure compensation dial towards "Plus" to addd exposure (add more light ) and towards "minus" to reduce exposure. ( reduce light )
Once you have your DSLR, get a good-sized memory card (prices are very reasonable now). If you do not shoot on burst mode, do not spend too much money on a very high-speed card, rather get more capacity. The relatively slower cards today are also fast enough for regular photography. Taking photos costs nothing, so move out and shoot as much as you can, however not random photos but keeping in mind that you aim to get a good photograph every time you release the shutter. This is the best way to become a better photographer. Try different exposure settings and compositions, compare them in the LCD, and shoot plenty of photos so that you have a choice among them. Give more attention to composition than exposure as aesthetics is always more important than the technicalities. Exposure can still be taken care of but nothing can change the content of the photograph.
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