PLAN YOUR SHOOT : Landscape photography is all about patience, preparation and planning. Read and understand the weather a good weather forecast is important when you are dragging out yourself of bed at 5 in the morning in search of a good landscape . It happens sometime you get a very nice shot during the time of a heavy storm or immediately after the storm has passed and the weather starts to get clear probably sometimes it's the best time to shoot. So plan your shoot accordingly what exactly you want do.
COMPOSITION FOR LANDSCAPE PHOTOGRAPHY : Composition plays an important role in making it an average picture to turn out to be an eye pleasing shot, if a picture is not well composed it may not strike the viewer's eyes.
1. Rule Of Thirds : The first step to improve your composition is to understand the Rule of Thirds when , where and how to apply it . In simple words rule of thirds means instead of placing your subject right in the centre keep your subject to the 1/3rd part of your frame.
2. Free space is strength : its not always necessary to fill up the entire frame. Sometimes its good to leave space in front of your subject. Is adds a dramatic effect in the image.
3. composing the image : build your eyes to look for lines and patterns. They give direction to your picture and help highlight the quality of your subjects. Lines catches the viewers’ attention into or out of the picture. place a subject for the center of attraction and then find lines that lead to it.
LENSES TO USE :
All DSLR cameras offer a variety of selection of lenses for their cameras. These range from fisheyes that give a 180° field of view, to telephoto lenses up to 800mm or more. You’ve got zooms, primes, macro, super telephoto, and of course, tilt-shift lenses as well.
some of the most stunning landscapes are shot during sunrise and sunset, this often puts the sun in a direct line of sight with the lens, causing nasty lens flare. Ovoid this by utilizing a proper lens hood to reduce the amount of flare. In some cases you may even find holding your hand above the lens, beyond the hood can help block more lens flare; a hat, magazine or any other large object can also be used. The other advantage of a lens hood is it helps protect the lens element against accidental bumps and because of the shadowing from stray sunlight, photos tend to be deeper and richer in color.
Canon EF-S 17-85mm f/4-5.6 IS USM (ultra wide angle zoom lens)
This is a good all purpose lens that goes from ultra wide 17mm, all the way to a normal focal length of 85mm. It's also not too large and heavy to carry. Another advantage is its image stabilization system that makes taking hand-held shots easier. Fantastic for those photographers who are just starting out and don't want to spend a fortune, yet still need good quality photographs. You'll notice many landscape photo's found throughout this website are taken with Canon EF-S 17-85mm IS USM lens.
Canon EF 24-105mm f/4 L IS USM (wide angle zoom lens) This landscape lens is for Canons more professional end of the market. It also goes from one wide angle extreme (24mm) to a higher 105mm focal length. It's currently priced at $1046 USD. Similar to the one above, it also has the option of image stabilization.
Canon EF 17-40mm f/4.0 L USM (ultra wide angle zoom lens)
One of Canon's best selling lens due to it's low cost, considering it's high quality. If you see a Canon lens with a red circle around the tip, you know it's considered better quality (sharper images) than those without the ring. This one is currently priced at $674 USD. However, you do need to take into consideration that this particular wide angle lens doesn't zoom in as far (40 mm) as the other two listed above.
FILTERS THAT CAN BE USED TO PHOTOGRAPH LANDSCAPE
1. POLARISING FILTER: Polarising filters increase saturation giving richer, more vibrant colours.
A polarizing filter is a must-have tool for landscape photography. It is typically the first filter landscape photographers buy to instantly improve their pictures and and add vividness and contrast to them. A polarizer can reduce reflections from objects such as water and glass and can be used to darken the sky, bring out the clouds and even reduce atmospheric haze, making the scene look much more vivid. For all normal lenses that have a filter thread in the front, you can get a circular polarizing filter, also known as a “circular polarizer”. A circular polarizer is very easy to use and once you attach it on the front of your lens, all you need to do is rotate it clockwise or counter-clockwise to get a different amount of polarization. Polarizing filters work by blocking certain light waves from entering the lens. Rotating a polarizer allows certain types of light waves to pass through, while blocking other ranges of light waves. Thus, you could turn a sky from light blue to very dark blue or increase/decrease reflections by simply rotating the filter.
2. NEUTRAL DENSITY FILTER: You have probably already seen images of running water and waterfalls that look very smooth and dreamy/foggy. This look can only be accomplished when your camera is mounted on a tripod and the shutter speed is very slow. In daylight conditions, decreasing ISO and increasing the F-number does not typically lower the shutter speed enough. The only solution in those situations is to decrease the amount of light that enters the lens and that’s where a neutral density filter comes into play. Neutral density filters reduce the amount of light that enters the camera lens and thus decrease the shutter speed and increase exposure time. Just like a polarising filter, the effect of a neutral density filter cannot be reproduced in post-processing.
3. GRADUATED NEUTRAL DENSITY FILTER : A neutral density filter is called "neutral" because it doesn't affect the colours in your photo; its only purpose is to reduce the amount of light reaching your camera's sensor. Normal ND filters reduce light evenly across the whole scene, but graduated NDs have a gradient effect, changing from fully darkened at the top to completely transparent at the bottom. This means that the top of the lens lets in less light than the bottom. This is really useful in landscape photography, because you'll often find yourself shooting a scene with a bright sky and relatively dark ground. The graduated ND filter helps balance the exposure of the scene, allowing you to capture everything without losing detail in the highlights or shadows.
IMPORTANT TIPS FOR LANDSCAPE PHOTOGRAPHY:
1. SHOOT DURING THE GOLDEN HOUR: