IMPORTANT TIPS-compositional and technical    
             
      COMPOSITIONAL TIPS      
             
    Get down to the level of your subject. If you are photographing pets or kids, shoot from their eye level. This is also true if you are tall and shooting a shorter person, photograph him or her from the subjects eye level, unless intentionally done otherwise. Generally a top angle is used to show the subject as inferior, week or poor.       
           
    Don’t always keep your subject right in the center. your focusing point is in the center and you just release the shutter after focusing. don’t just focus and shoot. rather recompose after focusing without lifting your finger from the shutter release button. Your focus will be locked and you will be able to keep the subject on the side or elsewhere as required by the composition.(Rule of thirds) Also do not leave too much space on top of the subject.      
           
    Communicate with your subject. Do not hesitate to direct your shots. Make an effort to change the composition that is the arrangement of elements within the frame to your taste and style. Sometimes, as little as, asking your subject step back slightly or move a little bit helps in creating a much better composition. You may also try to change your viewpoint if shifting the elements of the picture is not possible. The composition should be such that it does highlight the main subject and convey what you are trying to say through the picture. Be in command and direct to make changes in the positioning or expressions to add to the desired mood in the photograph. Make efforts to create the shot rather than just taking the picture.      
           
    Change your angle, move around, move up or down to exclude unwanted elements in the background or to include certain areas in the photograph.. Explore the right angle. There is no right angle for the shot although the eye level may work in many situations. Try and check out what camera angle works best for you and for your subject.      
           
    Don’t just shoot horizontally always. Make an effort to hold the camera vertically and take some shots. generally beginners just start to shoot without realising that they have an option of holding the camera vertically as well. Photographers generaraly on a very sub concious level will make a very quick decision in their minds if the subject is justified by a vertical or horizontal framing. many a times they may shoot the same subject both horizontally as well as vertically for a better selection later on.      
           
    Avoid the clutter behind. If the background is too distracting avoid it by changing the viewpoint or the location.      
             
      Isolate, what is important. sometimes, it may just not be possible to avoid a distracting background. Make sure that you keep it well out of focus by opting for a shallow depth of field and a long lens. even otherwise a long lens may be sued to isolate the main subject from the background.      
             
      Strong lines lead our eye to what we want to see in the picture. It may be roads, trees, walls, shadows or any other elements which me lead our eye to the main subject and add a mommetum to the photograph.      
             
      Add dimension to you pictures by including more planes, i.e the subject could be frames through an interesting foreground.      
             
      Leave more space in front of the subject if it is moving. I deally the subject should not move out of the frame, this in fact leads the eye of the viewer out of the frame and is not retained within the photograph.      
             
      The right balance. Overall visually the picture should look balanced. Balance may be achieved with shapes, densities, or colours. One colour may be present in abundance but a stronger colour in small area may balanve it.      
             
      Break the rules but only after you have learnt to follow the rules. Rules work in most of the situations but as you develop an eye for visuals and compositions you are able to decide in those split seconds if you are better off breaking the rule or going by the rule.      
             
             
             
             
             
             
           
             
             
      TECHNICAL TIPS      
             
      Understand the range of your flash, If the flash is not strong or the location is quite dark, use a relatively wider lens and hence more closer to the subject. Even if your flash is not strong enough, it will be still good enough to illuminate your subject as the distance between the flash and the subject is within the flash’s range. In case it still doesn’t work, open up the aperture or increase the ISO      
             
      Keep an eye on the way the light is falling on the subject. Avoid harsh shadows. If the shadows are harsh make sure they are falling across in the right manner adding to the photograph rather than creating undesirable patches.      
             
      Use flash outdoors. Don’t hesitate to use fill in flash to reduce or remove unwanted shadows or when your subject is standing against the light.      
             
      Always use the lens hood whenever shooting against the light. Watch out for flare, even with the lens hood on, one may get the flare. Tilt the camera downwards slightly to avoid flare. However, as you advance further in your photographic skills, you may deliberately add a flare for some desired mood and effects.      
             
      Focus right- The viewer should look at the right subject. Avoid extra clutter so that the focus of attention is the main subject. Otherwise learn to isolate the main subject by using shallow depth of field and /or long lens. Remember to focus sharp on the main subject. Our eye tends to look at the sharply focused element. Whatever is sharp in the picture is your main subject and not what you intended to be your main subject.      
             
      use the right focal length lens as per the subject. Do not use wideangles for portraits.      
             
      Make sure that the minimum shutter speed you are using for hand held shots is in accordance with your focal length and does not fall below 1/60th sec in any case      
             
      remember image stabilization systems reduce camera shake and not for the subject movement      
             
      Dont shoot higher than the synchronization shutter speed whenever using flash or external studio lights.      
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
       Ideally the picture should be both technically and aesthetically great but aesthetics is far more important than a technically perfect picture. If the picture is overall pleasing to the eye, technical drawbacks take a back seat.      
             
             
             
             

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